Linguistics: An Introduction

By William B. McGregor

 

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11.1 — Swadesh Basic Word List

This version of the basic 100-item Swadesh word list is organized into semantic fields.

# Word
1 I
2 you (sg.)
3 we
4 this
5 that
6 who?
7 what?
8 not
9 all
10 many
11 one
12 two
13 big
14 long
15 small
16 woman
17 man
18 person
19 fish
20 bird
21 dog
22 louse
23 tree
24 seed
25 leaf
26 root
29 bark
28 skin
29 flesh
30 blood
31 bone
32 grease
33 egg
34 horn
35 tail
36 feather
37 hair
38 head
39 ear
40 eye
41 nose
42 mouth
43 tooth
44 tongue
45 claw
46 foot
47 knee
48 hand
49 belly
50 neck
51 breasts
52 heart
53 liver
54 drink
55 eat
56 bite
57 see
58 hear
59 know
60 sleep
61 die
62 kill
63 swim
64 fly
65 walk
66 come
67 lie
68 sit
69 stand
70 give
71 say
72 sun
73 moon
74 star
75 water
76 rain
77 stone
78 sand
79 earth
80 cloud
81 smoke
82 fire
83 ash
84 burn
85 path
86 mountain
87 red
88 green
89 yellow
90 white
91 black
92 night
93 hot
94 cold
95 full
96 new
97 good
98 round
99 dry
100 name
Updated: Feb. 11, 2009