Linguistics: An Introduction

By William B. McGregor

 

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8.2 — Links

Brain images

The Comparative Mammalian Brain Collections contains numerous images of the brains of mammals, including humans. This site contains an enormous amount of information and is well worth exploring.

The homunculus — or "little man inside the head"[*] — provides a visual indication of the area of the cortex concerned with sensory perception or motor control. The following models show what a man's body would look like if each part was sized in proportion to the cortical area concerned with the part.

[*]: I have searched unsussessfully for examples of female homunculi.

Experiments

The following are links to a selection of websites where you can try for yourself a number of experiments mentioned in Chapter 8. This is not an exhaustive listing by any means, and you should surf the web for further implementations of these and other experimental paradigms.

McGurk effect

The web contains a large number of illustrations and discussions of the McGurk effect.

YouTube has a good version. Here's what you do. In this video you will see and hear a person saying some simple syllables. You should watch the person carefully, and listen carefully to what they say. Write down the syllables you hear. Replay the video until you are sure you have written all the syllables down.

Now start the video again and close your eyes while the video is playing. What do you notice?

Categorical perception

The categorical nature of speech perception is discussed on p. 185 of the textbook. You can do experiments in categorical perception online if you have a sound card in your computer, and speakers or headphones (preferably).

Dichotic listening task

An interactive online version is available. You will need a sound card and speakers or headphones.

Stroop effect

Question 2 (p. 200) asks you to find out about this effect (see e.g. The Stroop effect on Wikipedia).

Online versions of the Stroop task can be found at DCity, Erik H. hudler's web site and The Writing Pot. Try them out.

Updated: Feb. 11, 2009