Linguistics: An Introduction

By William B. McGregor

 

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Test: 2 — Sounds of Language: Phonetics and Phonology


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1) Most phones in most human languages are produced on egressive pulmonic air.



2) Voiced sounds involve regular vibrations of the epiglottis.



3) To make a nasal phone, which of the following do you do:






4) Clicks are normally made with egressive air.



5) Which of the two main types of phones involve the unimpeded flow of air through the oral cavity?



6) Vowels are characterised by which of the following properties?






7) Which of the following are the most vowel-like consonants?






8) The first stop in the English word stop is most adequately described in which of the following ways:






9) Voice onset time (VOT) refers to the time between the beginning of the closure for a stop and the beginning of regular vibration of the vocal folds.



10) What sort of lateral do you get when the back of the tongue is raised towards the velum:





11) Non-low back vowels are usually accompanied by lip rounding.



12) Central vowels are produced with the highest part of the tongue roughly mid-way in height between its position for high and low vowels.



13) Ejectives are produced on which of the following sorts of airstream:





14) Which of the following is the most common syllable shape in the world's languages:






15) Vowels and consonants are called suprasegmentals or prosodies because they are the main types of segmental sounds.



16) In tone languages different tones on a word give it different meanings.



17) Intonation is concerned with patterns of pitch variation over sentence sized utterances.



18) Acoustic phonetics is concerned with which of the following:






19) Stress in Hungarian goes on the first syllable of a word; therefore it is phonemic.



20) To say that two sounds are in complementary distribution means:







21) Phonemic transcription is just another name for broad phonetic transcription.



22) If you find no minimal pairs for two phonetically similar phones, what do you do next, given that you are trying to discover whether or not they are allophones?





23) Which of the following ranges gives the best indication of the normal extent of variation in numbers of phonemes in a language?







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Updated: Feb. 11, 2009