Linguistics: An Introduction

By William B. McGregor

 

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Test: 3 — Structure of Words: Morphology


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1) Morphemes are minimal linguistic signs in the sense that they can't be divided into further signs.



2) A word can't be a morpheme.



3) Which of the following is the correct division of the English word repaired (meaning 'mended, fixed') into morphemes?







4) Which of the following is the correct division of the English word repainted into morphemes?







5) Bound morphemes are called affixes.



6) Which of the following types of morpheme gives different forms of a root morpheme?





7) What sort of morpheme is -ing in the English word clippings?






8) Which of the following is a stem?






9) Depending on the language, an inflectional affix can be a clitic or a free grammatical word.



10) An example of a clitic in English is the plural number marker for nouns, -s ~ -z ~ -…ôz.



11) Inflectional affixes are generally more productive than derivational affixes.



12) The bound morphemes that are normally least prosodically integrated with the morpheme they are attached to are:




13) Phonologically similar allomorphs are called:





14) Roots are always free.



15) English has no suppletive allomorphs for any lexical roots.



16) Are the allomorphs of a morpheme necessarily in complementary distribution?



17) Attaching a derivational morpheme to a root always changes its part-of-speech.



18) Does English have agreement inflection on verbs?



19) Does English have inflectional case marking of nouns?



20) Which of the following is not a grammatical morpheme in English?






21) Which of the following is an unusual (exceptional, or marked) order for the morphemes of a word?







22) A morpheme that can be attached to any word of a sentence is almost certainly a clitic.



23) If allomorphs are conditioned lexically, their distribution depends on which of the following:







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Updated: Feb. 11, 2009