Linguistics: An Introduction

By William B. McGregor

 

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Test: 4 — Lexicon


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1) The lexicon of a language is a listing of all of the morphemes (grammatical and lexical) in the language, that provides information on the form and meaning, as well as information on the morpheme's part of speech, etc..



2) Both the set of lexical and the set of grammatical morphemes in a language change over time.



3) The English word good is an adjective because it describes a property of something.



4) All languages identify the same parts-of-speech.



5) Interjections are words like of, to, for, from, etc.



6) Which of the following words is a blend?






7) Which of the following is not a way of making new lexical items in a language.






8) Which of the following illustrates phonaesthesia in English?






9) The process of forming wambajarndu 'people' in Warrwa from wamba 'man' and jarndu 'woman' is:







10) The meaning of an idiom is not predictable from the meaning of the words making it up, and the grammar of the expression.



11) The meaning of an idiom is always completely arbitrary.



12) Which of the following sorts of expression is salt and pepper in English:






13) Which one of the following processes of lexeme formation is restricted to languages with traditions of writing?






14) Many languages use idioms involving body part terms in expressions for emotions.



15) Which of the following terms refers to the process of forming a new lexical item by removing a part of a word that is wrongly identified as a morpheme?






16) Does English have a large number of borrowed words from other languages?



17) Indirect or evasive expressions for unpleasant things are called dysphemisms.



18) Which of the following is a dysphemistic expression for a human corpse?





19) Avoidance of the name of a recently deceased person is an example of which of the following phenomena:






20) Which of the following is a euphemistic expression for the cessation of a human life?





21) Grammatical morphemes in a language are more resistant to replacement than lexical morphemes.



22) Calques are borrowings that have been adopted to the phonological patterns of the recipient language.



23) According to Humpty Dumpty's explanation of wabe, what sort of word formation does it involve?







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Updated: Feb. 11, 2009