Linguistics: An Introduction

By William B. McGregor

 

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Test: 6 — Meaning


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1) Reference is the same thing as the signified or concept in the Saussurean sign.



2) Not all words have reference, but all have sense.



3) If two terms have the same reference they must also have the same sense:



4) Which of the following types of meaning extension refers to the situation where the meaning of a term for a part of an object extends to cover the whole object?







5) What is the study of utterance meaning called?



6) What type of the meaning extension does the bolded term in the following sentence illustrate?
The car ploughed through the hedge. (i.e. moved through the hedge like a plough)





7) What type of the meaning extension does the bolded term in the following sentence illustrate?
Do you think Hollywood will be interested in my story? (i.e. the movie industry)





8) What type of the meaning extension does the bolded term in the following sentence illustrate?
Have you got wheels? (i.e. a car)





9) What type of the meaning extension does the bolded term in the following sentence illustrate?
I want to get some shut-eye. (i.e. sleep)





10) What type of the meaning extension does the bolded term in the following sentence illustrate?
That guy is a real baby. (i.e. behaves in a babyish way)





11) The three senses of eye — (a) ‘organ of vision of humans and animals’ (People generally have two eyes) , (b) ‘ability at discriminating details of a visual representation’ (She has an eye for detail), and (c) ‘discerning interest in a person or thing’ (He has an eye for pretty women) — illustrate which of the following?






12) Are eye, I, and aye in English homophones?



13) Polysemy is not the same thing as vagueness.



14) If a pair of words express opposite meanings but allow intermediate degrees between the two extremes, they are called:






15) Exact synonyms are rare in human languages.



16) Which of the following pairs is an example of converses (there is just one such pair):






17) Salmon is a hyponym of fish.



18) Which of the following is not a meronym of body:






19) The meaning of an idiom is compositional.



20) Which of the following is not a speech act verb?






21) Performatives are sentences that make explicit their illocutionary force.



22) What illocutionary force is typically associated with an imperative?






23) Which of the following is an indirect speech act?






24) Is it true that indirect speech acts are often used for reasons of politeness?



25) Which one of the following verbs of thought presupposes the truth of the proposition thought about?






26) Presuppositions remain if the sentence is negated.



27) People often lie. Therefore the Maxim of Quality can't be valid, so the cooperative principle has to be rejected. Is this reasoning valid?




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Updated: Feb. 11, 2009