Linguistics: An Introduction

By William B. McGregor



Test: 8 — Psycholinguistics: Language, the Mind and the Brain

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1) Linguists and psycholinguists agree that language forms a separate cognitive module, distinct from all other cognitive modules.

2) The Sapir-Whorf hypothesis consists of two components, linguistic relativity and linguistic determinism.

3) Which of the following best describes linguistic determinism?

4) Which of the following best describes linguistic relativity?

5) Dan Slobin's version of the Sapir-Whorf hypothesis holds that the structure of the language we speak influences the way we think for speaking, including the types of phenomena we pay attention to when planning what to say.

6) Investigations of colour terms in various languages and cultures have revealed which of the following?

7) Which of the following outcomes would you expect if you did the categorical perception experiment described in p.185 with a speaker of a language such as Thai, with three bilabilal stop phonemes differing in VOT /p/, /pʰ/ and /b/.

8) Garden pathing reveals which of the following?

9) Speech comprehension is both bottom-up and top-down.

10) Evidence from slips-of-the-tongue reveals that speech production cannot be phoneme-by-phoneme, or word-by-word.

11) Spoonereisms attest to the psychological reality of the syllable.

12) Which of the following transposition errors is unexpected given the discussion of the text (transposed items are in bold):

13) In which type of aphasia are the most severe difficulties in comprehension of speech?

14) The cerebral cortex is constituted by several million neurons.

15) In most people the left hemisphere is dominant for language processing.

16) Is it true that evidence from aphasia is consistent with localisation of language functions, but does not imply localisation?

17) Which type of aphasia is characterised by problems in repeating speech?

18) Conduction aphasia typically results from lesions where?

19) Which of the following gives good information on timing of brain activity, but poor information on its location:

20) Is the evidence concerning localisation of speech functions from modern brain imaging in general argeement with the evidence from aphasic studies?

21) In dichotic listening tasks most people display which of the following:

22) The available evidence suggests that language processing is localised in the brain to at least some degree.

23) Which brain area is generally believed to be most strongly associated with speech production:

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Updated: Feb. 11, 2009