Linguistics: An Introduction

By William B. McGregor



Test: 9 — Language Acquisition

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1) Human beings are genetically predisposed to speak the language of their biological parents.

2) The child's acquisition of language is a staged process, which is broadly similar for all languages.

3) The normal child acquires a basic mastery of the language of the community it is born into by about what age?

4) Which of the following best describes telegraphic speech?

5) Deaf children who are exposed to sign language learn it spontaneously.

6) Is caretaker speech characterised by high pitch in all languages?

7) The earliest acquired consonants are generally:

8) Which of the following phone replacements are not expected in the speech of children?

9) A general characteristic of language acquisition is that perception and recognition precedes production.

10) Consonants are most likely to be first produced correctly in which position?

11) Morphology tends to acquired earlier in morphologically rich languages than in morphologically simple languages.

12) Which of the following is the most common type of semantic error made by children?

13) Which of the following stages in acquisition of number marking on nouns in English occurs latest?

14) The order of acquisition of words and grammatical structures accurately reflects their frequency in adult language usage.

15) Innateness refers to the idea that human beings are genetically endowed to acquire language generally, though not any particular language.

16) Can stages in acquisition of grammatical structures overlap?

17) It is impossible to acquire a native-like accent in a language learnt in adulthood.

18) Does the fact that children may be unable to precisely immitate an utterance of a certain type argue against the role of immitation in acquisition?

19) The notion that word meanings can be inferred from the grammatical features of an utterance is called:

20) Stages in acquisition of a second language in adulthood are:

21) Is the critical period hypothesis supported by clear-cut biological evidence?

22) The system of a second language acquired in adulthood can affect (and change) a corresponding system in the person's first language.

23) Negative transfer is most easily corrected in phonetics and phonology.

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Updated: Feb. 11, 2009